Skill Set Name: Linux System Programming

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Architecture of Linux Kernel I

Understanding the basic architecture and functions of the Linux kernel, including process management, memory management, file systems, networking, and I/O processing.

2-4-1-I General introduction to the kernel of Linux
System Calls I

Understanding the system call function used for OS functions in ordinary applications. Understanding the position of the system call among other functions. Knowing the outline of the internal behavior of the OS when the system call function is activated.

2-4-2-I System calls
Linux System Monitoring and Process Management I

Understanding the system monitoring tools, including /proc file system and top, ps commands.


  • Understanding how to monitor various parts of the Linux kernel and status of
  • system resources by using /proc file system.
  • Knowing top, ps commands
    •  Command line options
    •  Meaning of the output
  • Knowing the kill command
  • Knowing the PowerTOP utility
    •  Understanding power-aware system monitoring

 

2-4-3-I
Development Tools II

Knowing how to use GNU tools, including compiler, loader, and debugger. Understanding and writing Makefile to develop Linux system programs.


  • Make and Makefile
  • Compiler / linker (gcc, GNU ld)
  • Library management tools
  • Debugging
    •  Debugger
    •  Debugging skill
    •  Strace ()
2-4-4-II
Shell script programming II

Understanding how to obtain the shell environment and to interface with shell command line arguments.


  • Understanding Shell Scripts
  • Get / put information between C program and shell environments
    •  Accessing environment variables
    •  Using command line arguments (argc, argv)
  • Use redirection and pipe
2-4-5-II
File input/output I

Knowing how to use files and directories by using standard POSIX API functions.


  • POSIX file input/output
    •  open(), read(), write(), close(), lseek(), …
    •  and their stream versions fopen(), …
  • Polling functions
    •  poll(), select(), epoll()
  • Mapping file into memory
    •  Mmap()
2-4-6-I
File input/output II

Understanding file control commands to control file and operations on files, including file locking.


  • Understanding and knowing to use fcntl() commands.
    •  F_DUPFD, F_SETFD/F_GETFD,
    •  F_GETFL,/F_SETFL, F_GETOWN/F_SETOWN
  • Knowing how to use file locking mechanism with fcntl()
    •  F_RDLCK, F_WRLCK, F_UNLCK
  • Understanding blocking, non-blocking operation
2-4-6-II
File systems II

Knowing to manage files and directories and device-special files


  • file and directory manipulation
    •  creating, deleting files, directories
    •  link, symbolic link, stat()
    •  accessibility and mktmp, and security
  • accessing device special files
2-4-7-II File Systems
Building a shared library I

Understanding the concept of library, and knowing how to manage shared library code.


  • Understanding the concept of library and using library options in GNU loader
    •  static library
    •  shared dynamic library
  • Understanding the operation library manager
    •  The ar command
    •  System library management
2-4-8-I
Building a shared library II

Knowing how to build a shared library


  • Building a Shared library
2-4-8-II
Processes and threads II

Knowing how to create process, to execute a program and to manage the process


Process management
  • Understanding the difference between processes and threads in Linux
  • Setting the schedule class of a process
    •  nice(), sched_getparam(), sched_setparam()
  • Create process
    •  fork()
  • Execute a program
    •  exec() and its variants
    •  system()
  • Other process-related functions
    •  wait(), kill(), …
  • Daemonize a process
2-4-9-II
Multi-thread Programming II

Knowing how to create, cancel, synchronize with pthread library


Process management
  • Pthread basic
  • Thread create, cancellation
    •  Passing parameter to thread
  • Thread synchronization
2-4-10-II
Signals II

Knowing how signal works in Linux system, how to catch or ignore signals. Understanding and using setjmp() and longjmp()


  • Introduction to signal
    •  How it works
    •  Side effects of signal
  • Using signal
    •  How to catch, ignore signal
    •  Signal handler programming
  • Understanding and using setjmp(), longjmp()
2-4-11-II
Time II

Knowing various time manipulating functions in Linux and knowing how to delay management short or long delay.


  • Understating of the presentation of time in Linux
  • Knowing time-manipulating functions
    •   Finding time
    •  Conversion between time formats
  • Knowing how to wait for time
    •  use sleep(), nanosleep(), clocknanosleep() and alarm()
    •  using select() to wait
2-4-12-II
Input/output to/from terminal equipment I

Understand tty architecture of Linux and knowing how to use termcap and/or curses library.


  • Introduction to tty
    •  Tty architecture
    •  Tty operation modes
    •  Pseudo tty
    •  Termcap and curses
  • Understand tty attributes
2-4-13-I
Input/output to/from terminal equipment II

Knowing how to use Linux IPC primitives.

2-4-13-II
IPC mechanisms II

Knowing how to use Linux IPC primitives.


Inter process communications
  • Understanding pipe and named pipe.
    •  Using pipe()
    •  Using mkfifo command
       
2-4-14-II
Network socket programming II

Knowing BSD socket programming


Protocol stacks
  • Knowing the various socket types and protocols inside
    • y UNIX socket, STREAM, DATAGRAM, RAW
  • Knowing how to TCP/IP client, server application using socket library
    • y socket(), close(), bind(), listen(), connect(), accept(), select(), send(),recv(), select(), …

 

2-4-15-II
Optimization of Prerequisite program III

Knowing how to measure the performance of a program by profiling and resource usage monitoring.


  • Knowing to profile application and system
    •  Using GNU gprof and gprof library
    •  Oprofile
  • Optimization techniques
2-4-16-III